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HFRI Hedge Fund Indices

HFRI Indices - Index Descriptions


HFRIIndices - Index Descriptions
HFRI Index
Ticker
Index Type
Regional Focus
Currency
Interval
HFRI Asia with Japan IndexHFRIAWJRegionalAsiaUSDMonthly
HFRI Asia with Japan Index is designed to reflect the performance of the Asia with Japan region of the hedge fund universe. Regional Investment Focus is designed to reflect the primary focus of the Fund's strategic exposure, over various market cycles, independent of the investment manager's physical location or the domiciled registration location of the fund. Fund investing in Asia with Japan typically have primary focus on Asia, typically between 10-75% in Japan.


HFRI Asset Weighted Composite IndexHFRIAWCCompositeGlobalUSDMonthly
The HFRI Asset Weighted Composite Index is a global, asset-weighted index comprised of over 2,000 single-manager funds that report to HFR Database. Constituent funds report monthly net of all fees performance in US Dollar and have a minimum of $50 Million under management or a twelve (12) month track record of active performance. The HFRI Asset Weighted Composite Index does not include Funds of Hedge Funds. The constituent funds of the HFRI Asset Weighted Composite Index are weighted according to the AUM reported by each fund for the prior month.


HFRI Credit IndexHFRICRDTConceptGlobalUSDMonthly
HFRI Credit Index is a composite index of strategies trading primarily in credit markets. It is an aggregation of following 7 HFRI substrategy indices. HFRI ED: Credit Arbitrage Index, HFRI ED: Distressed/Restructuring Index, HFRI ED: Multi-Strategy Index, HFRI RV: Fixed Income-Asset Backed Index, HFRI RV: Fixed Income-Convertible Arbitrage Index, HFRI RV: Fixed Income-Corporate Index, and HFRI RV: Multi-Strategy Index.


HFRI Diversity IndexHFRIDVRSConceptGlobalUSDMonthly
The HFRI Diversity Index is comprised of hedge funds that identify themselves as being minority-owned. A hedge fund management company is deemed to be a minority-owned business if: Greater than 50% of the management company is owned by one or more minorities, or in the case of a publicly owned business, greater than 50% of all issued stock is owned by one or more minorities; and whose management and daily business operations are controlled by one or more such individuals. A 'minority' is defined for our purposes as a U.S. citizen who is: (A) a woman; or (B) a person whose origin is from one of the following minority groups: (i) African-American: a U.S. citizen whose origin is from any of the racial groups of Sub-Sahara Africa; (ii) Hispanic-American: a U.S. citizen whose origin is from any of the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America, Mexico, Central America, South America, the Caribbean and Brazil (Afro-Brazilian and Brazilian Indians only); (iii) American Indian: a U.S. citizen whose origin is from Eskimo, Aleut, or Native Hawaiian, or Native Americans. Native Americans must be documented members of a North American tribe, band or organized group of native people indigenous to the continental United States; (iv) Asian-American, Pacific Islanders, Asian Indian-Americans: a U.S. citizen whose origin is from Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Guam, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Samoa, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, the U.S. Trust Territories of the Pacific or the Northern Marianas and Vietnam.


HFRI ED: Activist IndexHFRIACTEvent-DrivenGlobalUSDMonthly
Activist strategies may obtain or attempt to obtain representation of the company's board of directors in an effort to impact the firm's policies or strategic direction and in some cases may advocate activities such as division or asset sales, partial or complete corporate divestiture, dividend or share buybacks, and changes in management. Strategies employ an investment process primarily focused on opportunities in equity and equity related instruments of companies which are currently or prospectively engaged in a corporate transaction, security issuance/repurchase, asset sales, division spin-off or other catalyst oriented situation. These involve both announced transactions as well as situations which pre-, post-date or situations in which no formal announcement is expected to occur. Activist strategies are distinguished from other Event Driven strategies in that, over a given market cycle, Activist strategies would expect to have greater than 50% of the portfolio in activist positions, as described.


HFRI ED: Credit Arbitrage IndexHFRICREDEvent-DrivenGlobalUSDMonthly
Credit Arbitrage strategies employ an investment process designed to isolate attractive opportunities in corporate fixed income securities; these include both senior and subordinated claims as well as bank debt and other outstanding obligations, structuring positions with little of no broad credit market exposure. These may also contain a limited exposure to government, sovereign, equity, convertible or other obligations but the focus of the strategy is primarily on fixed corporate obligations and other securities are held as component of positions within these structures. Managers typically employ fundamental credit analysis to evaluate the likelihood of an improvement in the issuer's creditworthiness, in most cases securities trade in liquid markets and managers are only infrequently or indirectly involved with company management. Fixed Income - Corporate strategies differ from Event Driven: Credit Arbitrage in that the former more typically involve more general market hedges which may vary in the degree to which they limit fixed income market exposure, while the latter typically involve arbitrage positions with little or no net credit market exposure, but are predicated on specific, anticipated idiosyncratic developments.


HFRI ED: Distressed/Restructuring IndexHFRIDSIEvent-DrivenGlobalUSDMonthly
Distressed/Restructuring strategies which employ an investment process focused on corporate fixed income instruments, primarily on corporate credit instruments of companies trading at significant discounts to their value at issuance or obliged (par value) at maturity as a result of either formal bankruptcy proceeding or financial market perception of near term proceedings. Managers are typically actively involved with the management of these companies, frequently involved on creditors' committees in negotiating the exchange of securities for alternative obligations, either swaps of debt, equity or hybrid securities. Managers employ fundamental credit processes focused on valuation and asset coverage of securities of distressed firms; in most cases portfolio exposures are concentrated in instruments which are publicly traded, in some cases actively and in others under reduced liquidity but in general for which a reasonable public market exists. In contrast to Special Situations, Distressed Strategies employ primarily debt (greater than 60%) but also may maintain related equity exposure.


HFRI ED: Merger Arbitrage IndexHFRIMAIEvent-DrivenGlobalUSDMonthly
Merger Arbitrage strategies which employ an investment process primarily focused on opportunities in equity and equity related instruments of companies which are currently engaged in a corporate transaction. Merger Arbitrage involves primarily announced transactions, typically with limited or no exposure to situations which pre-, post-date or situations in which no formal announcement is expected to occur. Opportunities are frequently presented in cross border, collared and international transactions which incorporate multiple geographic regulatory institutions, with typically involve minimal exposure to corporate credits. Merger arbitrage strategies typically have over 75% of positions in announced transactions over a given market cycle.


HFRI ED: Multi-Strategy IndexHFRIEDMSEvent-DrivenGlobalUSDMonthly
Event-Driven: Multi-Strategy Managers maintain positions in companies currently or prospectively involved in corporate transactions of a wide variety including but not limited to mergers, restructurings, financial distress, tender offers, shareholder buybacks, debt exchanges, security issuance or other capital structure adjustments. Security types can range from most senior in the capital structure to most junior or subordinated, and frequently involve additional derivative securities. Event Driven exposure includes a combination of sensitivities to equity markets, credit markets and idiosyncratic, company specific developments. Investment theses are typically predicated on fundamental characteristics (as opposed to quantitative), with the realization of the thesis predicated on a specific development exogenous to the existing capital structure. ED Multi-Strategy managers do not maintain more than 50% exposure in any one Event-Driven sub-strategy.


HFRI ED: Special Situations IndexHFRIEDSSEvent-DrivenGlobalUSDMonthly
Special Situations: Strategies employ an investment process primarily focused on opportunities in equity and equity related instruments of companies which are currently engaged in a corporate transaction, security issuance/repurchase, asset sales, division spin-off or other catalyst oriented situation. These involve both announced transactions as well as situations which pre-, post-date or situations in which no formal announcement is expected to occur. Strategies employ an investment process focusing broadly on a wide spectrum of corporate life cycle investing, including but not limited to distressed, bankruptcy and post bankruptcy security issuance, announced acquisitions and corporate division spin-offs, asset sales and other security issuance impacting an individual capital structure focusing primarily on situations identified via fundamental research which are likely to result in a corporate transactions or other realization of shareholder value through the occurrence of some identifiable catalyst. Strategies effectively employ primarily equity (greater than 60%) but also corporate debt exposure, and in general focus more broadly on post-bankruptcy equity exposure and exit of restructuring proceedings.


HFRI EH: Equity Market Neutral IndexHFRIEMNIEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Equity Market Neutral strategies employ sophisticated quantitative techniques of analyzing price data to ascertain information about future price movement and relationships between securities, select securities for purchase and sale. These can include both Factor-based and Statistical Arbitrage/Trading strategies. Factor-based investment strategies include strategies in which the investment thesis is predicated on the systematic analysis of common relationships between securities. In many but not all cases, portfolios are constructed to be neutral to one or multiple variables, such as broader equity markets in dollar or beta terms, and leverage is frequently employed to enhance the return profile of the positions identified. Statistical Arbitrage/Trading strategies consist of strategies in which the investment thesis is predicated on exploiting pricing anomalies which may occur as a function of expected mean reversion inherent in security prices; high frequency techniques may be employed and trading strategies may also be employed on the basis on technical analysis or opportunistically to exploit new information the investment manager believes has not been fully, completely or accurately discounted into current security prices. Equity Market Neutral Strategies typically maintain characteristic net equity market exposure no greater than 10% long or short.


HFRI EH: Fundamental Growth IndexHFRIEHFGEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Fundamental Growth strategies employ analytical techniques in which the investment thesis is predicated on assessment of the valuation characteristics on the underlying companies which are expected to have prospects for earnings growth and capital appreciation exceeding those of the broader equity market. Investment theses are focused on characteristics of the firm's financial statements in both an absolute sense and relative to other similar securities and more broadly, market indicators. Strategies employ investment processes designed to identify attractive opportunities in securities of companies which are experiencing or expected to experience abnormally high levels of growth compared with relevant benchmarks growth in earnings, profitability, sales or market share.


HFRI EH: Fundamental Value IndexHFRIEHFVEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Fundamental Value strategies which employ investment processes designed to identify attractive opportunities in securities of companies which trade a valuation metrics by which the manager determines them to be inexpensive and undervalued when compared with relevant benchmarks. Investment theses are focused on characteristics of the firm's financial statements in both an absolute sense and relative to other similar securities and more broadly, market indicators. Relative to Fundamental Growth strategies, in which earnings growth and capital appreciation is expected as a function of expanding market share & revenue increases, Fundamental Value strategies typically focus on equities which currently generate high cash flow, but trade at discounted valuation multiples, possibly as a result of limited anticipated growth prospects or generally out of favor conditions, which may be specific to sector or specific holding.


HFRI EH: Multi-Strategy IndexHFRIEHMSEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Equity Hedge: Multi-Strategy Investment Managers maintain positions both long and short in primarily equity and equity derivative securities. A wide variety of investment processes can be employed to arrive at an investment decision, including both quantitative and fundamental techniques; strategies can be broadly diversified or narrowly focused on specific sectors and can range broadly in terms of levels of net exposure, leverage employed, holding period, concentrations of market capitalizations and valuation ranges of typical portfolios. EH Multi-Strategy managers typically do not maintain more than 50% exposure in any one Equity Hedge sub-strategy.


HFRI EH: Quantitative Directional IndexHFRIENHIEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Quantitative Directional strategies employ sophisticated quantitative techniques of analyzing price data to ascertain information about future price movement and relationships between securities, select securities for purchase and sale. These can include both Factor-based and Statistical Arbitrage/Trading strategies. Factor-based investment strategies include strategies in which the investment thesis is predicated on the systematic analysis of common relationships between securities. Statistical Arbitrage/Trading strategies consist of strategies in which the investment thesis is predicated on exploiting pricing anomalies which may occur as a function of expected mean reversion inherent in security prices; high frequency techniques may be employed and trading strategies may also be employed on the basis on technical analysis or opportunistically to exploit new information the investment manager believes has not been fully, completely or accurately discounted into current security prices. Quantitative Directional Strategies typically maintain varying levels of net long or short equity market exposure over various market cycles.


HFRI EH: Sector - Energy/Basic Materials IndexHFRISENEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Sector - Energy/Basic Materials strategies which employ investment processes designed to identify opportunities in securities in specific niche areas of the market in which the Manager maintains a level of expertise which exceeds that of a market generalist in identify companies engaged in the production & procurement of inputs to industrial processes, and implicitly sensitive to the direction of price trends as determined by shifts in supply and demand factors, and implicitly sensitive to the direction of broader economic trends. Sector - Energy/Basic Materials strategies typically maintain a primary focus in this area or expect to maintain in excess of 50% of portfolio exposure to these sectors over a various market cycles.


HFRI EH: Sector - Technology/Healthcare IndexHFRISTIEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Sector - Technology/Healthcare strategies employ investment processes designed to identify opportunities in securities in specific niche areas of the market in which the Manager maintain a level of expertise which exceeds that of a market generalist in identifying opportunities in companies engaged in all development, production and application of technology, biotechnology and as related to production of pharmaceuticals and healthcare industry. Though some diversity exists as a across sub-strategy, strategies implicitly exhibit some characteristic sensitivity to broader growth trends, or in the case of the later, developments specific to the Healthcare industry. Sector - Technology/Healthcare strategies typically maintain a primary focus in this area or expect to maintain in excess of 50% of portfolio exposure to these sectors over a various market cycles.


HFRI EH: Short Bias IndexHFRISHSEEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Short-Biased strategies employ analytical techniques in which the investment thesis is predicated on assessment of the valuation characteristics on the underlying companies with the goal of identifying overvalued companies. Short Biased strategies may vary the investment level or the level of short exposure over market cycles, but the primary distinguishing characteristic is that the manager maintains consistent short exposure and expects to outperform traditional equity managers in declining equity markets. Investment theses may be fundamental or technical and nature and manager has a particular focus, above that of a market generalist, on identification of overvalued companies and would expect to maintain a net short equity position over various market cycles.


HFRI Emerging Markets (Total) IndexHFRIEMCompositeGlobalUSDMonthly
Emerging Markets funds invest, primarily long, in securities of companies or the sovereign debt of developing or 'emerging' countries. Emerging Markets regions include Africa, Asia ex-Japan, Latin America, the Middle East and Russia/Eastern Europe. Emerging Markets - Global funds will shift their weightings among these regions according to market conditions and manager perspectives.


HFRI Emerging Markets: Asia ex-Japan IndexHFRIEMARegionalAsiaUSDMonthly
Emerging Markets: Asia ex-Japan funds focus greater than 50% of their investments in the Asia ex-Japan region, which includes China, Korea, Australia, India, Hong Kong and Singapore.


HFRI Emerging Markets: China IndexHFRICHNRegionalChinaUSDMonthly
HFRI Emerging Markets: China Index is designed to reflect the performance of the China investment focus hedge fund universe. Regional Investment Focus is designed to reflect the primary focus of the Fund's strategic exposure, over various market cycles, independent of the investment manager's physical location or the domiciled registration location of the fund. Funds investing in China typically have greater than 50% exposure in China.


HFRI Emerging Markets: Global IndexHFRIEMGCompositeGlobalUSDMonthly
Emerging Markets - Global funds will shift their weightings among a variety of emerging markets regions according to market conditions and manager perspectives.


HFRI Emerging Markets: India IndexHFRIINDRegionalIndiaUSDMonthly
HFRI Emerging Markets: India Index is designed to reflect the performance of the India investment focus hedge fund universe. Regional Investment Focus is designed to reflect the primary focus of the Fund's strategic exposure, over various market cycles, independent of the investment manager's physical location or the domiciled registration location of the fund. Funds investing in India typically have greater than 50% exposure in India.


HFRI Emerging Markets: Latin America IndexHFRIEMLARegionalAmericasUSDMonthly
Emerging Markets: Latin America funds focus greater than 50% of their investments in the Latin American region, which includes Mexico, Central and South America, as well as the nations of the Caribbean.


HFRI Emerging Markets: MENA IndexHFRIMENARegionalMENAUSDMonthly
The HFRI Emerging Markets: MENA (Middle East/Africa) Index is designed to reflect the performance of the Middle East and Africa region of the hedge fund universe. Regional Investment Focus is designed to reflect the primary focus of the Fund's strategic exposure, over various market cycles, independent of the investment manager's physical location or the domiciled registration location of the fund. Funds investing in Middle East/Africa typically have more than 50% exposure to either Middle East or Africa regions.


HFRI Emerging Markets: Russia/Eastern Europe IndexHFRICISRegionalEuropeUSDMonthly
Emerging Markets: Russia/Eastern Europe funds focus greater than 50% of their investments in the Russian/Eastern European region, including Turkey.


HFRI Equity Hedge (Total) IndexHFRIEHIEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Equity Hedge: Investment Managers who maintain positions both long and short in primarily equity and equity derivative securities. A wide variety of investment processes can be employed to arrive at an investment decision, including both quantitative and fundamental techniques; strategies can be broadly diversified or narrowly focused on specific sectors and can range broadly in terms of levels of net exposure, leverage employed, holding period, concentrations of market capitalizations and valuation ranges of typical portfolios. EH managers would typically maintain at least 50% exposure to, and may in some cases be entirely invested in, equities, both long and short.


HFRI Equity Hedge (Total) Index - Asset WeightedHFRIAWEHEquity HedgeGlobalUSDMonthly
Equity Hedge: Investment Managers who maintain positions both long and short in primarily equity and equity derivative securities. A wide variety of investment processes can be employed to arrive at an investment decision, including both quantitative and fundamental techniques; strategies can be broadly diversified or narrowly focused on specific sectors and can range broadly in terms of levels of net exposure, leverage employed, holding period, concentrations of market capitalizations and valuation ranges of typical portfolios. EH managers would typically maintain at least 50% exposure to, and may in some cases be entirely invested in, equities, both long and short. The constituent funds of the HFRI Equity Hedge (Total) Index - Asset Weighted are weighted according to the AUM reported by each fund for prior month.


HFRI Event-Driven (Total) IndexHFRIEDIEvent-DrivenGlobalUSDMonthly
Event-Driven: Investment Managers who maintain positions in companies currently or prospectively involved in corporate transactions of a wide variety including but not limited to mergers, restructurings, financial distress, tender offers, shareholder buybacks, debt exchanges, security issuance or other capital structure adjustments. Security types can range from most senior in the capital structure to most junior or subordinated, and frequently involve additional derivative securities. Event Driven exposure includes a combination of sensitivities to equity markets, credit markets and idiosyncratic, company specific developments. Investment theses are typically predicated on fundamental characteristics (as opposed to quantitative), with the realization of the thesis predicated on a specific development exogenous to the existing capital structure.


HFRI Event-Driven (Total) Index - Asset WeightedHFRIAWEDEvent-DrivenGlobalUSDMonthly
Event-Driven: Investment Managers who maintain positions in companies currently or prospectively involved in corporate transactions of a wide variety including but not limited to mergers, restructurings, financial distress, tender offers, shareholder buybacks, debt exchanges, security issuance or other capital structure adjustments. Security types can range from most senior in the capital structure to most junior or subordinated, and frequently involve additional derivative securities. Event Driven exposure includes a combination of sensitivities to equity markets, credit markets and idiosyncratic, company specific developments. Investment theses are typically predicated on fundamental characteristics (as opposed to quantitative), with the realization of the thesis predicated on a specific development exogenous to the existing capital structure. The constituent funds of the HFRI Event-Driven (Total) Index - Asset Weighted are weighted according to the AUM reported by each fund for prior month.


HFRI FOF: Conservative IndexHFRIFOFCFund of FundsGlobalUSDMonthly
FOFs classified as 'Conservative' exhibit one or more of the following characteristics: seeks consistent returns by primarily investing in funds that generally engage in more 'conservative' strategies such as Equity Market Neutral, Fixed Income Arbitrage, and Convertible Arbitrage; exhibits a lower historical annual standard deviation than the HFRI Fund of Funds Composite Index. A fund in the HFRI FOF Conservative Index shows generally consistent performance regardless of market conditions.


HFRI FOF: Diversified IndexHFRIFOFDFund of FundsGlobalUSDMonthly
FOFs classified as 'Diversified' exhibit one or more of the following characteristics: invests in a variety of strategies among multiple managers; historical annual return and/or a standard deviation generally similar to the HFRI Fund of Fund Composite index; demonstrates generally close performance and returns distribution correlation to the HFRI Fund of Fund Composite Index. A fund in the HFRI FOF Diversified Index tends to show minimal loss in down markets while achieving superior returns in up markets.


HFRI FOF: Market Defensive IndexHFRIFOFMFund of FundsGlobalUSDMonthly
FOFs classified as 'Market Defensive' exhibit one or more of the following characteristics: invests in funds that generally engage in short-biased strategies such as short selling and managed futures; shows a negative correlation to the general market benchmarks (S&P). A fund in the FOF Market Defensive Index exhibits higher returns during down markets than during up markets.


HFRI FOF: Strategic IndexHFRIFOFSFund of FundsGlobalUSDMonthly
FOFs classified as 'Strategic' exhibit one or more of the following characteristics: seeks superior returns by primarily investing in funds that generally engage in more opportunistic strategies such as Emerging Markets, Sector specific, and Equity Hedge; exhibits a greater dispersion of returns and higher volatility compared to the HFRI Fund of Funds Composite Index. A fund in the HFRI FOF Strategic Index tends to outperform the HFRI Fund of Fund Composite Index in up markets and underperform the index in down markets.


HFRI Fund of Funds Composite IndexHFRIFOFFund of FundsGlobalUSDMonthly
Fund of Funds invest with multiple managers through funds or managed accounts. The strategy designs a diversified portfolio of managers with the objective of significantly lowering the risk (volatility) of investing with an individual manager. The Fund of Funds manager has discretion in choosing which strategies to invest in for the portfolio. A manager may allocate funds to numerous managers within a single strategy, or with numerous managers in multiple strategies. The minimum investment in a Fund of Funds may be lower than an investment in an individual hedge fund or managed account. The investor has the advantage of diversification among managers and styles with significantly less capital than investing with separate managers. PLEASE NOTE: The HFRI Fund of Funds Index is not included in the HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index.


HFRI Fund Weighted Composite IndexHFRIFWICompositeGlobalUSDMonthly
The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index is a global, equal-weighted index of over 2,000 single-manager funds that report to HFR Database. Constituent funds report monthly net of all fees performance in US Dollar and have a minimum of $50 Million under management or a twelve (12) month track record of active performance. The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index does not include Funds of Hedge Funds.


HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index - CHFHFRIFWICFX HedgedGlobalCHFMonthly
The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index CHF is denominated in CHF and is a global, equal-weighted index of over 2,000 single-manager funds that report to HFR Database. Constituent funds report monthly net of all fees performance in US Dollar and have a minimum of $50 Million under management or a twelve (12) month track record of active performance. The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index does not include Funds of Hedge Funds.


HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index - EURHFRIFWIEFX HedgedGlobalEURMonthly
The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index EUR is denominated in EUR and is a global, equal-weighted index of over 2,000 single-manager funds that report to HFR Database. Constituent funds report monthly net of all fees performance in US Dollar and have a minimum of $50 Million under management or a twelve (12) month track record of active performance. The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index does not include Funds of Hedge Funds. The inception date of this index corresponds with the inception date of the EUR currency (January 1999).


HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index - GBPHFRIFWIGFX HedgedGlobalGBPMonthly
The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index GBP is denominated in GBP and is a global, equal-weighted index of over 2,000 single-manager funds that report to HFR Database. Constituent funds report monthly net of all fees performance in US Dollar and have a minimum of $50 Million under management or a twelve (12) month track record of active performance. The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index does not include Funds of Hedge Funds.


HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index - JPYHFRIFWIJFX HedgedGlobalJPYMonthly
The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index JPY is denominated in JPY and is a global, equal-weighted index of over 2,000 single-manager funds that report to HFR Database. Constituent funds report monthly net of all fees performance in US Dollar and have a minimum of $50 Million under management or a twelve (12) month track record of active performance. The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index does not include Funds of Hedge Funds.


HFRI Japan IndexHFRIJPNRegionalAsiaUSDMonthly
HFRI Japan Index is designed to reflect the performance of the Japan region of the hedge fund universe. Regional Investment Focus is designed to reflect the primary focus of the Fund's strategic exposure, over various market cycles, independent of the investment manager's physical location or the domiciled registration location of the fund. Fund investing in Japan typically have greater than 50% exposure in Japan.


HFRI Macro (Total) IndexHFRIMIMacroGlobalUSDMonthly
Macro: Investment Managers which trade a broad range of strategies in which the investment process is predicated on movements in underlying economic variables and the impact these have on equity, fixed income, hard currency and commodity markets. Managers employ a variety of techniques, both discretionary and systematic analysis, combinations of top down and bottom up theses, quantitative and fundamental approaches and long and short term holding periods. Although some strategies employ RV techniques, Macro strategies are distinct from RV strategies in that the primary investment thesis is predicated on predicted or future movements in the underlying instruments, rather than realization of a valuation discrepancy between securities. In a similar way, while both Macro and equity hedge managers may hold equity securities, the overriding investment thesis is predicated on the impact movements in underlying macroeconomic variables may have on security prices, as opposes to EH, in which the fundamental characteristics on the company are the most significant are integral to investment thesis.


HFRI Macro (Total) Index - Asset WeightedHFRIAWMMacroGlobalUSDMonthly
Macro: Investment Managers which trade a broad range of strategies in which the investment process is predicated on movements in underlying economic variables and the impact these have on equity, fixed income, hard currency and commodity markets. Managers employ a variety of techniques, both discretionary and systematic analysis, combinations of top down and bottom up theses, quantitative and fundamental approaches and long and short term holding periods. Although some strategies employ RV techniques, Macro strategies are distinct from RV strategies in that the primary investment thesis is predicated on predicted or future movements in the underlying instruments, rather than realization of a valuation discrepancy between securities. In a similar way, while both Macro and equity hedge managers may hold equity securities, the overriding investment thesis is predicated on the impact movements in underlying macroeconomic variables may have on security prices, as opposes to EH, in which the fundamental characteristics on the company are the most significant are integral to investment thesis. The constituent funds of the HFRI Macro (Total) Index - Asset Weighted are weighted according to the AUM reported by each fund for prior month.


HFRI Macro: Active Trading IndexHFRIMACTMacroGlobalUSDMonthly
Active Trading strategies utilize active trading methods, typically with high frequency position turnover or leverage; these may employ components of both Discretionary and Systematic Macro strategies. Strategies may contain distinct, identifiable sub-strategies, such as equity hedge or equity market neutral, or in some cases a number of sub-strategies are blended together without the capacity for portfolio level disaggregation. Strategies employ an investment process based on systematic, quantitative evaluation of macroeconomic variables in which the portfolio positioning is predicated on convergence of differentials between markets, not necessarily highly correlated with each other, but currently diverging from their historical levels of correlation. Strategies focus on fundamental relationships across geographic areas both inter and intra-asset classes, and typical holding periods are shorter than trend following or discretionary strategies. Active Trading strategies are distinct from other macro in that they characteristically emphasize rapid market response to new information and high volume of turnover in liquid but frequently volatile and unstable market positions.


HFRI Macro: Commodity IndexHFRIMCOMMacroGlobalUSDMonthly
Commodity strategies include both discretionary and systematic commodity strategies. Systematic commodity have investment processes typically as function of mathematical, algorithmic and technical models, with little or no influence of individuals over the portfolio positioning. Strategies employ an investment process designed to identify opportunities in markets exhibiting trending or momentum characteristics across commodity assets classes, frequently with related ancillary exposure in commodity sensitive equities or other derivative instruments. Strategies typically employ quantitative process which focus on statistically robust or technical patterns in the return series of the asset, and typically focus on highly liquid instruments and maintain shorter holding periods than either discretionary or mean reverting strategies. Although some strategies seek to employ counter trend models, strategies benefit most from an environment characterized by persistent, discernible trending behavior. Systematic Commodity strategies typically would expect to have greater than 35% of portfolio in dedicated commodity exposure over a given market cycle. Discretionary Commodity strategies are reliant on the fundamental evaluation of market data, relationships and influences as they pertain primarily to commodity markets including positions in energy, agricultural, resources or metal assets. Portfolio positions typically are predicated on the evolution of investment themes the Manager expect to materialize over a relevant timeframe, which in many cases contain contrarian or volatility focused components. Investment Managers also may trade actively in developed and emerging markets, focusing on both absolute and relative levels on equity markets, interest rates/fixed income markets, currency; frequently employing spread trades to isolate a differential between instrument identified by the Investment Manager to be inconsistent with expected value. Discretionary Commodity strategies typically would expect to have greater than 35% of portfolio in dedicated commodity exposure over a given market cycle.


HFRI Macro: Currency IndexHFRIMCURMacroGlobalUSDMonthly
Curency Index include both discretionary and systematic currency strategies. Systematic Currency strategies have investment processes typically as function of mathematical, algorithmic and technical models, with little or no influence of individuals over the portfolio positioning. Strategies which employ an investment process designed to identify opportunities in markets exhibiting trending or momentum characteristics across currency assets classes, frequently with related ancillary exposure in sovereign fixed income. Strategies typically employ quantitative process which focus on statistically robust or technical patterns in the return series of the asset, and typically focus on highly liquid instruments and maintain shorter holding periods than either discretionary or mean reverting strategies. Although some strategies seek to employ counter trend models, strategies benefit most from an environment characterized by persistent, discernible trending behavior. Systematic Currency strategies typically would expect to have greater than 35% of portfolio in dedicated currency exposure over a given market cycle. Discretionary Currency strategies are reliant on the fundamental evaluation of market data, relationships and influences as they pertain primarily to currency markets including positions in global foreign exchange markets, both listed and unlisted, and as interpreted by an individual or group of individuals who make decisions on portfolio positions; strategies employ an investment process most heavily influenced by top down analysis of macroeconomic variables. Portfolio positions typically are predicated on the evolution of investment themes the Manager expect to materialize over a relevant timeframe, which in many cases contain contrarian or volatility focused components. Investment Managers also may trade actively in developed and emerging markets, focusing on both absolute and relative levels on equity markets, interest rates/fixed income markets, currency; frequently employing spread trades to isolate a differential between instrument identified by the Investment Manager to be inconsistent with expected value. Discretionary Currency strategies typically would expect to have greater than 35% of portfolio in dedicated currency exposure over a given market cycle.


HFRI Macro: Discretionary Thematic IndexHFRIMDTMacroGlobalUSDMonthly
Discretionary Thematic strategies are primarily reliant on the evaluation of market data, relationships and influences, as interpreted by an individual or group of individuals who make decisions on portfolio positions; strategies employ an investment process most heavily influenced by top down analysis of macroeconomic variables. Investment Managers may trade actively in developed and emerging markets, focusing on both absolute and relative levels on equity markets, interest rates/fixed income markets, currency and commodity markets; frequently employing spread trades to isolate a differential between instrument identified by the Investment Manager to be inconsistent with expected value. Portfolio positions typically are predicated on the evolution of investment themes the Manager expect to materialize over a relevant time frame, which in many cases contain contrarian or volatility focused components.


HFRI Macro: Multi-Strategy IndexHFRIMMSMacroGlobalUSDMonthly
Macro: Multi-Strategy Strategies which employ components of both Discretionary and Systematic Macro strategies, but neither exclusively both. Strategies frequently contain proprietary trading influences, and in some cases contain distinct, identifiable sub-strategies, such as equity hedge or equity market neutral, or in some cases a number of sub-strategies are blended together without the capacity for portfolio level disaggregation. Strategies employ an investment process is predicated on a systematic, quantitative evaluation of macroeconomic variables in which the portfolio positioning is predicated on convergence of differentials between markets, not necessarily highly correlated with each other, but currently diverging from their historical levels of correlation. Strategies focus on fundamental relationships across geographic areas of focus both inter and intra-asset classes, and typical holding periods are longer than trend following or discretionary strategies.


HFRI Macro: Systematic Diversified IndexHFRIMTIMacroGlobalUSDMonthly
Systematic: Diversified strategies have investment processes typically as function of mathematical, algorithmic and technical models, with little or no influence of individuals over the portfolio positioning. Strategies which employ an investment process designed to identify opportunities in markets exhibiting trending or momentum characteristics across individual instruments or asset classes. Strategies typically employ quantitative process which focus on statistically robust or technical patterns in the return series of the asset, and typically focus on highly liquid instruments and maintain shorter holding periods than either discretionary or mean reverting strategies. Although some strategies seek to employ counter trend models, strategies benefit most from an environment characterized by persistent, discernable trending behavior. Systematic: Diversified strategies typically would expect to have no greater than 35% of portfolio in either dedicated currency or commodity exposures over a given market cycle.


HFRI North America IndexHFRINARegionalAmericasUSDMonthly
HFRI North America Index is designed to reflect the performance of the North American region of the hedge fund universe. Regional Investment Focus is designed to reflect the primary focus of the Fund's strategic exposure, over various market cycles, independent of the investment manager's physical location or the domiciled registration location of the fund. Fund investing in North America typically have greater than 50% exposure in North America.


HFRI Relative Value (Total) IndexHFRIRVARelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Investment Managers who maintain positions in which the investment thesis is predicated on realization of a valuation discrepancy in the relationship between multiple securities. Managers employ a variety of fundamental and quantitative techniques to establish investment theses, and security types range broadly across equity, fixed income, derivative or other security types. Fixed income strategies are typically quantitatively driven to measure the existing relationship between instruments and, in some cases, identify attractive positions in which the risk adjusted spread between these instruments represents an attractive opportunity for the investment manager. RV position may be involved in corporate transactions also, but as opposed to ED exposures, the investment thesis is predicated on realization of a pricing discrepancy between related securities, as opposed to the outcome of the corporate transaction.


HFRI Relative Value (Total) Index - Asset WeightedHFRIAWRVRelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Investment Managers who maintain positions in which the investment thesis is predicated on realization of a valuation discrepancy in the relationship between multiple securities. Managers employ a variety of fundamental and quantitative techniques to establish investment theses, and security types range broadly across equity, fixed income, derivative or other security types. Fixed income strategies are typically quantitatively driven to measure the existing relationship between instruments and, in some cases, identify attractive positions in which the risk adjusted spread between these instruments represents an attractive opportunity for the investment manager. RV position may be involved in corporate transactions also, but as opposed to ED exposures, the investment thesis is predicated on realization of a pricing discrepancy between related securities, as opposed to the outcome of the corporate transaction. The constituent funds of the HFRI Relative Value (Total) Index - Asset Weighted are weighted according to the AUM reported by each fund for prior month.


HFRI RV: Fixed Income-Asset Backed IndexHFRIFIMBRelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Fixed Income: Asset Backed includes strategies in which the investment thesis is predicated on realization of a spread between related instruments in which one or multiple components of the spread is a fixed income instrument backed physical collateral or other financial obligations (loans, credit cards) other than those of a specific corporation. Strategies employ an investment process designed to isolate attractive opportunities between a variety of fixed income instruments specifically securitized by collateral commitments which frequently include loans, pools and portfolios of loans, receivables, real estate, machinery or other tangible financial commitments. Investment thesis may be predicated on an attractive spread given the nature and quality of the collateral, the liquidity characteristics of the underlying instruments and on issuance and trends in collateralized fixed income instruments, broadly speaking. In many cases, investment managers hedge, limit or offset interest rate exposure in the interest of isolating the risk of the position to strictly the yield disparity of the instrument relative to the lower risk instruments.


HFRI RV: Fixed Income-Convertible Arbitrage IndexHFRICAIRelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Fixed Income: Convertible Arbitrage includes strategies in which the investment thesis is predicated on realization of a spread between related instruments in which one or multiple components of the spread is a convertible fixed income instrument. Strategies employ an investment process designed to isolate attractive opportunities between the price of a convertible security and the price of a nonconvertible security, typically of the same issuer. Convertible arbitrage positions maintain characteristic sensitivities to credit quality the issuer, implied and realized volatility of the underlying instruments, levels of interest rates and the valuation of the issuer's equity, among other more general market and idiosyncratic sensitivities.


HFRI RV: Fixed Income-Corporate IndexHFRIFIHYRelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Fixed Income: Corporate includes strategies in which the investment thesis is predicated on realization of a spread between related instruments in which one or multiple components of the spread is a corporate fixed income instrument. Strategies employ an investment process designed to isolate attractive opportunities between a variety of fixed income instruments, typically realizing an attractive spread between multiple corporate bonds or between a corporate and risk free government bond. Fixed Income: Corporate strategies differ from Event Driven: Credit Arbitrage in that the former more typically involve more general market hedges which may vary in the degree to which they limit fixed income market exposure, while the later typically involve arbitrage positions with little or no net credit market exposure, but are predicated on specific, anticipated idiosyncratic developments.


HFRI RV: Fixed Income-Sovereign IndexHFRIFISVRelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Fixed Income - Sovereign includes strategies in which the investment thesis is predicated on realization of a spread between related instruments in which one or multiple components of the spread is a sovereign fixed income instrument. Strategies employ an investment process designed to isolate attractive opportunities between a variety of fixed income instruments, typically realizing an attractive spread between multiple sovereign bonds or between a corporate and risk free government bond. Fixed Income Sovereign typically employ multiple investment processes including both quantitative and fundamental discretionary approaches and relative to other Relative Value Arbitrage sub-strategies, these have the most significant top-down macro influences, relative to the more idiosyncratic fundamental approaches employed. RV: Fixed Income: Sovereign funds would typically have a minimum of 50% exposure to global sovereign fixed income markets, but characteristically maintain lower net exposure than similar strategies in Macro: Multi-Strategy sub-strategy.


HFRI RV: Multi-Strategy IndexHFRIFIRelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Multi-Strategies employ an investment thesis is predicated on realization of a spread between related yield instruments in which one or multiple components of the spread contains a fixed income, derivative, equity, real estate, MLP or combination of these or other instruments. Strategies are typically quantitatively driven to measure the existing relationship between instruments and, in some cases, identify attractive positions in which the risk adjusted spread between these instruments represents an attractive opportunity for the investment manager. In many cases these strategies may exist as distinct strategies across which a vehicle which allocates directly, or may exist as related strategies over which a single individual or decision making process manages. Multi-strategy is not intended to provide broadest-based mass market investors appeal, but are most frequently distinguished from others arbitrage strategies in that they expect to maintain >30% of portfolio exposure in 2 or more strategies meaningfully distinct from each other that are expected to respond to diverse market influences.


HFRI RV: Volatility IndexHFRIVOLRelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Volatility strategies trade volatility as an asset class, employing arbitrage, directional, market neutral or a mix of types of strategies, and include exposures which can be long, short, neutral or variable to the direction of implied volatility, and can include both listed and unlisted instruments. Directional volatility strategies maintain exposure to the direction of implied volatility of a particular asset or, more generally, to the trend of implied volatility in broader asset classes. Arbitrage strategies employ an investment process designed to isolate opportunities between the price of multiple options or instruments containing implicit optionality. Volatility arbitrage positions typically maintain characteristic sensitivities to levels of implied and realized volatility, levels of interest rates and the valuation of the issuer's equity, among other more general market and idiosyncratic sensitivities.


HFRI RV: Yield Alternatives IndexHFRISRERelative ValueGlobalUSDMonthly
Yield Alternative strategies employ an investment thesis is predicated on realization of a spread between related instruments in which one or multiple components of the spread contains a derivative, equity, real estate, MLP or combination of these or other instruments. Strategies are typically quantitatively driven to measure the existing relationship between instruments and, in some cases, identify attractive positions in which the risk adjusted spread between these instruments represents an attractive opportunity for the investment manager. Strategies employ an investment process designed to isolate opportunities in yield oriented securities, which can include equity, preferred, listed partnerships (MLPs), REITs and some other corporate obligations. In contrast to fixed income arbitrage, yield alternative contain primarily non-fixed income securities, and in contrast to equity hedge strategies, the investment thesis is more predicated on the yield realized from the securities than on price appreciation of the underlying securities.


HFRI Western/Pan Europe IndexHFRIWEURegionalEuropeUSDMonthly
The HFRI Western Europe/Pan Europe Index is designed to reflect the performance of the Western Europe/Pan European region of the hedge fund universe. Regional Investment Focus is designed to reflect the primary focus of the Fund's strategic exposure, over various market cycles, independent of the investment manager's physical location or the domiciled registration location of the fund. Fund investing in Western Europe/Pan Europe typically have greater than 50% exposure in Western Europe/Pan Europe.


HFRI Women IndexHFRIWOMNConceptGlobalUSDMonthly
The HFRI Women Index is a global, equal-weighted index of single-manager funds owned by or managed by women that report to HFR Database. Constituent funds report monthly net of all fees performance in US Dollar and have a minimum of $50 Million under management or a twelve (12) month track record of active performance.


HFRI World IndexHFRIWRLDCompositeGlobalUSDMonthly
The HFRI World Index is designed to reflect the performance of funds with no greater than 50% exposure in any specific geographic region.


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